Many paradoxes surrounded the Iraqi political class’s handling of the US President-elect Joe Biden’s victory, a Biden and his deputy, Kamala Harris, poured congratulations from all over the Iraqi political spectrum even before the official announcement of their victory. A number of leaders of the political blocs violated the protocol, when they sent their congratulations for the victory. The two messages of congratulations sent by the President of the Republic and the Iraqi Prime Minister seemed understandable in its protocol framework, but it was surprising that the congratulatory messages poured out on Biden from various Iraqi political figures such as Nuri al-Maliki, head of the State of Law bloc, Osama al-Nujaifi, head of the Salvation Front, and Adel Abdul Mahdi, head of Former minister, Masoud Barzani, head of the Kurdistan Democratic Party, and official and party Kurdish leadershipsmany. The television channels of Iraqi parties have shed light on their talk shows, since Joe Biden’s victory was announced on an old issue that was revived, which has become known in the Iraqi media as (Biden's project to divide Iraq) and the media performance has focused on the partial revival of this project after The president-elect to the White House is an existing and potential thing. But on the other hand, some media outlets and social media platforms focused on news pieces, some of them fabricated, that talked about the Obama administration’s relationship with the Muslim Brotherhood and the Arab Spring. Indeed, the point reached to accusing it from some channels of being behind the formation of "ISIS" as for those who tried to be characterized by some objectivity, He presented the information as saying that it was an agreement between the Obama administration and former Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to facilitate the entry of ISIS fighters into Iraq.And the occupation of the Sunni provinces in Iraq in the summer of 2014.In order to clarify the issue of (the dividing Iraq project), which there is shouting about from time to time, we must show that the basis was an article written by Joe Biden in the New York Times on May 1, 2006 when he was a member of the Senate and working on the Relations Committee. The Foreign Relations Council, and Biden co-wrote the article, Leslie Gilb, Honorary President of the Council on Foreign Relations, the article was entitled (Unity through the Application of Autonomy in Iraq). The two writers focused on the article, by drawing on the experiences of solutions that occurred in the Bosnian war crisis. The solution to establish three federal regions in Iraq, (one of which, the Kurdistan region, was already in place) with an emphasis on the survival of the capital, Baghdad.A representative of the federal authority, in order to stop the sectarian war and the wave of identity killings, which broke out after the bombing of the Shrine of the Military Imams in Samarra. The two authors pointed out that the Iraqi constitution affirmed the possibility of establishing federal regions upon citizens ’desire to do so, and some Iraqi leaders were calling for the establishment of the central and southern region (a Shiite region), and the most prominent of these leaders was Mr. Abdul Aziz al-Hakim, head of the Supreme Islamic Council. And in September 2007, when the Republicans were in power in the second term of President George W. Bush, while the Democrats were in control of the majority in the Senate, the draft federal regions in Iraq was put forward to a vote in the Senate, and the result was the approval of the majority (75 to 23, with 2 abstentions) For voting)Therefore, the Council issued a non-binding recommendation to the government, to take measures to support federalism in Iraq. The response of the Bush administration was to refuse to adopt the Congress’s recommendation, as a result of the Iraqi refusal unanimously agreed upon by the Sunni and Shiite political blocs, which stated in an official statement that stated: "The Congress adopted this proposal based on an incorrect reading and unrealistic assessments of the history, present and future of Iraq, and this matter represents a dangerous precedent for determining the nature of the relationship between Iraq and the United States, as Congress appears as if it was planning a long-term occupation by his country's forces." The American embassy in Baghdad issued a statement distancing itself from the recommendation of the Senate, led by the Democrats, and stated that the American administration rejects the recommendations of the Senate, and at this point this "project" endedJoe Biden did not open it again, even when he became Vice President and responsible for the Iraqi file for eight years. It is also worth noting many of the paradoxes and confusion in Iraqi positions regarding Joe Biden's victory. The stances were mixed in two sensitive points, the first with regard to 
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what became known as “Katyusha cells” and what some militias near Tehran are launching bursts of Katyusha rockets at the US embassy. And some of the locations of the American forces in Iraq, and the apparent impotence of the Al-Kazemi government in this file. The second point, which is linked to the first point radically, was the pressure of the state factions on Parliament and the Al-Kazemi government to ask the US administration to schedule the withdrawal of its military forces from Iraq. We must point out that some Iraqi political forces are satisfiedBiden’s victory cannot be separated from what it sensed from an outlet, as a result of the Trump administration’s pressure dissipating, as the forces close to Tehran consider the Trump administration and its pressure on Iran an enemy that must be fought, especially after the assassination of General Soleimani and Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, in early 2020, and this matter is This has fueled the launching of Katyusha rockets at the US embassy, ​​with the apparent inability of the governments of Abd al-Mahdi and al-Kazemi to control these militias and hold them accountable for their actions, and the matter has become more dangerous with the increasing number of Iraqi civilians being injured by these militia’s missiles. But the forces close to the United States, in turn, had expressed their satisfaction with the Trump administration's role in limiting Iran's role in Iraq, and they rejoiced at getting rid of a dangerous figure like General Soleimani, so these forces saw Biden winningThis signifies the end of the maximum pressure policy exercised by the Trump administration on Tehran, and the Biden administration's return to the Iranian nuclear agreement will mean the release of billions of dollars in dues to Iranian deposits, which means an improvement in the Iranian economy, which will necessarily be reflected in the growing Iranian role again in Iraq and the region. But on the other hand, we know that the US State Department in recent weeks and since last September, has threatened to close the US embassy in Baghdad, and this matter means closing 11 other embassies, which results in international isolation that will be imposed on Iraq, and the US State Department statement blamed it on The Al-Kazemi government, which failed to reveal, arrest and hold the perpetrators of the rocket fire, and the recent decision issued by President TrumpBy scheduling the withdrawal and reduction of US forces in Iraq while retaining some forces for the purposes of training and fighting the remnants of the ISIS gangs, these decisions floundered the Iraqi political scene, as many state factions disavowed what they called resistance to the occupation weeks ago, and denied their incitement to strike the US embassy . In this regard, Qais Khazali, the leader of the Asaib Ahl al-Haq militia, indicated in a televised interview a few days ago, the end of the factions ’truce, with the end of the American elections and Khazali attribu