The current political crisis in Iraq began since the invasion of Iraq in 2003, and the occupation was unable to create a stable political and economic system, and a state with institutions in the legal, political and economic sense, and during all those years, America and Iran were managing the political crisis, and here we mean the crisis of political authority that was based on National and sectarian quotas. The same ruling class in Iraq was unable to resolve the political dispute within its ranks. What is new in the aforementioned crisis is that the October 2019 uprising, which deepened the political power crisis in Iraq, upended the political equation based on quotas and the constitution that was written in 2005. The reality proved that betting on elections to change the political scene in Iraq failed, and we had no doubts. In this, simply because the one who decides the issue of political power is not the one who reaps the votes in the elections, regardless of their transparency and impartiality or not, but rather the one who decides them is the one who owns the armed militias and their external support.
World Bank figures indicate that Iraq recorded an economic growth of 8.9 percent for the year 2022 due to the rise in oil prices since the end of 2020 until now, and that the per capita income of the national product reached 6 thousand dollars in 2021, and this does not reflect any structural economic change in the performance of The Iraqi economy, but it came because of the high oil prices.Perhaps the first and last affected are the interests of the Iraqi people, led by the unemployed, whose number is estimated by the Iraqi Ministry of Planning at more than 4 million unemployed, and the percentage of those living below the poverty line reaches more than 27 percent, i.e. a third of the population of Iraq, if we do not say more than this percentage. Especially after the devaluation of the local currency (the Iraqi dinar), as the Iraqi government (Al-Kazemi’s government) did not complete all other measures to mitigate the impact on those with limited incomes in particular and the general public, as a result of the devaluation of the Iraqi dinar, and Iraq suffers from several pressures resulting from crises. The financial, economic and social facing it, and the devastating effects the world has also witnessed and a sharp economic decline during the total closure imposed globally due to the spread of the “Corona” pandemic, the Russian-Ukrainian conflict and their repercussions on food, energy and global supply chains.
Today, according to reports by international organizations, Iraq has become one of the most corrupt countries in the world according to a report by Transparency International, and it has ranked at the end of the list of countries in terms of quality of life, education and health, including the least developed countries, where the unemployment rate is high compared to the countries in the region. The contribution of the oil sector is the largest in generating GDP, amounting to 78 percent, while the contribution to revenues is close to 95 percent.
The consequences of Iraq's dependence on oil are much higher than that of its peers in the Middle East and North Africa, which are severe vulnerabilities to adverse movements in oil prices
In order to advance the reality of the Iraqi economy and develop its capabilities in light of the current political, economic and social developments in Iraq, the development of productive capacities in the agricultural, industrial, service, scientific and other sectors is the main factor for achieving economic growth, and it is able to mobilize local resources to finance economic activity, and not rely on Aid or foreign aid, and work to attract foreign direct and indirect investments that can support the development process, and through the development of productive capacities, Iraq will be able to compete in international markets for goods and services that go beyond the scope of primary commodities, and that do not depend on the availability of special preferences Regarding market access.
Here, I see that the popular momentum should be employed to achieve political, social, economic and financial reform, by taking into account the important proposals listed below, and it is okay to come gradually through:
First: In order to achieve political, social, economic and financial reform in Iraq, it is necessary to work on improving the investment climate, in which the security and judicial aspect occupies a fundamental and important pillar, given that judicial reform represents the basic foundation for reforming the rest of the state institutions, and a modern and developed constitution that keeps pace with developments. What happened in the world,and this requires the removal and lifting of eradication, exclusion, marginalization and sectarianism from the Iraqi constitution that was approved in 2005, preparing a new constitution and the participation of all Iraqis wit
calendar_month10/08/2022 06:40 pm